March 1 is the date to put out nesting materials and nesting boxes. The winter resident birds are in courtship and nesting mode. Since these birds winter in your neighborhood, they can pick the prime nesting spots and early insect food before the migrants arrive.
Cavity Nesters Need Nest Houses
If you have the space, you can place nesting boxes in your backyard habitat. Each bird species because of its body size requires specific nest box dimensions. If you don’t have a place to put up a nest box, you can still put out nesting materials.
Birdhouses: Choosing, maintaining, and Attracting Birds is an interviews with Rob Carter of LoveNest Birdhouses on the ins and outs of birdhouses.
Nesting Materials to Put Out for the BIrds
But even many cavity-nesters place soft cushiony materials in the bottom of their nests to provide a soft holder for their eggs. Both cavity nesters and nest-builders will use the nesting materials you offer.
Many of these items can be bought at craft stores or gathered from around the house. Choose the materials that are the most natural, without dyes or chemicals.
- cotton string or twine (cut in length less than 6″ to avoid tangling or strangling a bird or chick)
- fresh moss (gathered from the outdoors)
- dried sphagnum moss
- Spanish moss
- onion skins
- sticks and twigs
- mud ( a human made mud puddle will attract mud-nest building thrushes)
- vines (cut into short lengths)
- soft feathers
- fur or hair (animal, human, horsehair, horse etc.)
- unspun sheep’s wool
- dried grass and leaves
- paper strips (cut 1″ wide, 8″ long – recycled is fine)
Where to Leave Nest Materials
Place these materials in easily accessible places. Dead leaves, twigs, moss, etc can be placed under bushes or on the ground. Some items can be hung in mesh bags and hung from poles and in baskets. Experiment. I don’t have nest box hanging space in my city backyard, but my selection of nesting materials is always popular.
Backyard bird conservation can be as easy as providing places to raise young and native plants which provide food (insects and caterpillars) to feed young birds.
Helping the birds can be as simple as putting up an inexpensive water feeder or birdbath. And as cheap as putting out string and a pile of thin broken twigs.
As always if you have a question or comment leave it in the comment box below.
More Information on Backyard Bird Nesting
Citizen Science – NestWatch (Cornell Lab of Ornithology) – Do you want your own birdhouse with WiFi cameras? Check out my affiliate LoveNest Birdhouses. I earn a commission for each birdhouse you buy.
Cavity Nesters: Birds Who Use Holes in Trees (these are the birds which use birdhouses)
Landscaping for Nesting Birds – Cornell Lab of Ornithology